Training and Development 1. Why is it important for safety professionals to have an understanding of EPA training requirements? Your response must be at l
Training and Development 1. Why is it important for safety professionals to have an understanding of EPA training requirements? Your response must be at least 75 words.
2. Explain the differences between asbestos abatement training and asbestos awareness training. Your response must be at least 75 words.
3. Discuss the role of NIOSH in establishing safety and health training criteria and programs. Your response must be at least 75 words.
4. Discuss some of the benefits for an organization that follows the recommendations contained in ANSI Z490.
Your response must be at least 200 words.
5. Discuss the connection between OSHA and EPA regarding hazardous waste operations. Why are most of the hazardous waste training requirements listed in the OSHA standards and not in the EPA standards?
Your response must be at least 200 words. BOS 3751, Training and Development 1
Course Learning Outcomes for Unit II
Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:
1. Explain safety and health training requirements specified by standard setting organizations.
1.1 Discuss the role of the Environmental Protection Agency and non-regulatory organizations in
establishing safety training requirements.
1.2 Identify organizational safety training required by EPA standards.
1.3 Identify non-regulatory training needs.
Chapter 2: EPA Safety and Health Training Requirements
Chapter 3: NIOSH, ANSI Z490, and Additional Training Requirements
A Conversation on the Safety Manager’s Last Day
Click here to access a video.
Unfortunately, there are still safety professionals who do not want anything to do with Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) standards. For some, it might be due to not understanding that Occupational Safety
and Health Administration (OSHA) and EPA have been working together for several decades to create a
seamless set of training requirements to help protect workers. It is not too difficult to understand. If EPA has
adopted a rule that exposes workers to hazards, like the requirement to contain hazardous material spills (40
CFR 262), then OSHA establishes the specific training requirements for the protection of workers, as in the
HAZWOPER standard (29 CFR 1910.120).
Safety professionals need to be familiar with EPA standards in order to fully understand the reasons for the
OSHA training requirements. In addition to the hazardous waste rules, OSHA and EPA have worked together
on asbestos and lead worker training. For some workers, such as infectious waste incinerator operators and
pesticide applicators, EPA is the source for the specific training requirements (Stanfill, 2012).
UNIT II STUDY GUIDE
EPA, NIOSH, and Non-Regulatory
BOS 3751, Training and Development 2
UNIT x STUDY GUIDE
Non-Regulatory Training Needs
In the first unit, we noted that in addition to regulatory training requirements, organizations should also look to
the specific hazards in the organization that may not be covered by any standards, yet can still result in
serious injury or illness. Hazard surveys and accident reports are two sources for this information. For
example, if an organization is experiencing a significant number of musculoskeletal injuries, it may be an
indicator that training in workplace ergonomics is needed. Do workers know how to adjust their workstations
to fit their body size? Do workers know how to recognize discomfort or injury caused by ergonomic issues?
OSHA has not established a standard that requires ergonomic training, but it is well recognized among safety
professionals that training employees in ergonomic principles is important for preventing serious injuries
(Asfahl & Rieske, 2010; OSHA, n.d.).
The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) was created, along with OSHA, by the
Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 (OSHAct). Based on its research findings, NIOSH may
recommend new or revised standards to OSHA, including standards for workplace training. NIOSH is a good
source to find training recommendations for hazards that are not currently regulated. NIOSH has established
12 Education and Research Centers (ERCs) that provide continuing education courses for safety
professionals (Coble, 2012). Many organizations also send their supervisors and workers to these courses.
Since 2001, NIOSH has also been involved with the training of emergency responders.
National Consensus Standards
Before the OSHAct, many industries had established their own sets of voluntary safety standards. Some of
these standards were adopted directly into the OSHA standards and immediately went from voluntary to
mandatory. Today, organizations like ANSI, ISO, and NFPA continue to work with industry leaders to develop
and improve safety standards. While consensus standards do not have the force of law, they do provide an
excellent source for the most up-to-date recommendations for workplace safety. Often, the requirements in
current consensus standards exceed the requirements in OSHA, since it takes OSHA many years to issue
new or revised standards. Consensus standards can be updated quickly, as industry and technology evolve.
ANSI Z490.1-2009, Criteria for Accepted Practices in Safety, Health and Environmental Training, was
developed with the American Society of Safety Engineers (ASSE) to help safety professionals design and
implement effective workplace safety training (Coble, 2012). ANSI Z-490.1 does not contain specific safety
training requirements, but rather outlines a process for administering, developing, and implementing an
organizational safety training program. Since the course textbook was also developed by ASSE, it should not
be a surprise that the process described in the standard is very close to the one outlined in the textbook.
In the first two units of the course, we discussed how to identify training needs. In the next two units, we will
examine how adults learn and discuss some training theories that will lead us to the next steps in our training
Asfahl, C. R., & Rieske, D. W. (2010). Industrial safety and health management (6th ed.). Upper Saddle River,
Coble, D. (2012). NIOSH, ANSI Z490, and additional training requirements. In J. Haight (Ed.), Hazard
prevention through effective safety and health training (pp. 29-44). Des Plaines, IL: American Society
of Safety Engineers.
Occupational Safety & Health Administration. (n.d.). Ergonomics. Retrieved from
Stanfill, C. (2012). EPA safety and health training requirements. In J. Haight (Ed.), Hazard prevention through
effective safety and health training (15-28). Des Plaines, IL: American Society of Safety Engineers.
BOS 3751, Training and Development 3
UNIT x STUDY GUIDE
The following resources provide training requirements and guidance from standard setting organizations:
Environmental Protection Agency. (2015). Asbestos training. Retrieved from
Occupational Safety & Health Administration. (1991). Memorandum of understanding between the
Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the American National Standards Institute.
Learning Activities (Nongraded)
Most individual states and many local jurisdictions have their own environmental regulations that match or are
more restrictive than the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) regulations. Conduct some research into
what regulations your local community has regarding hazardous waste operations and emergency response.
Prepare a report for your boss that outlines what your organization needs to do to comply with the local
requirements for emergency response training.
Nongraded Learning Activities are provided to aid students in their course of study. You do not have to submit
them. If you have questions, contact your instructor for further guidance and information.