Replies The student must then post two replies of at least 250 words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of the assigned Module: Week. For each thread, students m

Replies The student must then post two replies of at least 250 words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of the assigned Module: Week. For each thread, students m

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Replies The student must then post two replies of at least 250 words by 11:59 p.m. (ET) on Sunday of the assigned Module: Week. For each thread, students must support their assertions with at least two scholarly citations in Turabian format. Each reply must incorporate at least two scholarly citations in Turabian format. Any sources cited must have been published within the last five years. Acceptable sources include the course readings and/or scholarly sources, such as books and peer-reviewed journal articles. Travis Oum,

According to the article, Grady defines “Interest Group Liberalism” as Interest group liberalism is Theodore Lowi’s term for the clientelism resulting from the broad expansion of public programs in the United States, including those programs which were part of the “Great Society.” [1] Interest group, also called particular interest group, advocacy group, or pressure group, is an association of individuals or organizations, usually formally organized, that, based on one or more shared concerns, attempts to influence public policy in its favor. The common goals and sources of interest groups obscure the fact that they vary widely in their form and lobbying strategies both within and across political systems.

Furthermore, the interest group liberalism can impact any kind of debate regarding public policy because Liberal governments cannot achieve justice. After all, the definition of justice under liberalism is unclear and difficult to use. The whole idea of this justice is absurd. [2] Although this environment is necessary to all political climates, a nation cannot survive in this environment alone or often because it often evolves into an environment of distrust and an unhealthy level of political cynicism.

Nevertheless, since the 1960s, when Lowi authored this text because he believed we were in a state of political crisis, interest groups have grown exponentially. This is due to growth in overall economic developments and the specific interests of citizens willing to take an active role in political processes. Interest group ideology has thrived on inadequate planning and overextension. [3] Effective government requires formalities and moral legitimacy. Lowi argues that if well-moneyed interests do not grow to exercise an unjustly disproportionate amount of political capital, interest groups should be welcomed in American politics as a means by which the average citizen can enjoy a tremendous amount of political efficacy. Lowi points out that nearly every area of government activity.

Interest-group liberalism ideology has thrived on inadequate planning and over extension. Effective government requires formalities and moral legitimacy. Lowi argues that if well-moneyed interests do not grow to exercise an unjustly disproportionate amount of political capital, interest groups should be welcomed in American politics as a means by which the average citizen can enjoy a more significant amount of political efficacy. [4] According to the Bible, “Whoever sows injustice will reap calamity, and the rod of his fury will fail. Whoever has a bountiful eye will be blessed, for he shares his bread with the poor. Drive out a scoffer, and strife will go out, and quarreling and abuse will cease. He who loves purity of heart and whose speech is gracious will have the king as his friend. The eyes of the Lord keep watch over knowledge, but he overthrows the words of the traitor.”

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[1] Spitzer, Robert J. “Liberalism and Juridical Democracy, or What’s Interesting about Interest Group Liberalism.” PS: Political Science and Politics 23, no. 4 (1990): 572–74.

[2] Grady, Robert C. “Interest-Group Liberalism and Juridical Democracy.” American politics quarterly. 6, no. 2 (1978): 213–236.

[3] Grady, Robert C. “Juridical Democracy & Democratic Values: An Evaluation of Lowi’s Alternative to Interest-Group Liberalism.” Polity 16, no. 3 (1984): 404–22.

[4] Proverbs 22:8-16.

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