Assignment: Community Needs Assessment Plan Problem Scope For this Assignment, you will continue to work on the problem scope for your community needs asse

Assignment: Community Needs Assessment Plan Problem Scope For this Assignment, you will continue to work on the problem scope for your community needs asse

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Assignment: Community Needs Assessment Plan Problem Scope For this Assignment, you will continue to work on the problem scope for your community needs assessment plan. In particular, you will consider your role in addressing the social problem. For instance, what can you do, as a practitioner, to educate the public about the problem? How can you unite key stakeholders to address the problem? How will you encourage those stakeholders to engage in systems thinking in order to develop a sustainable solution?
As you continue to work on the problem scope, you will also consider ethical and moral issues that may arise when solving the problem and potential opportunities to increase cultural diversity, equity, inclusion, and empowerment. Be sure to draw upon this week’s Discussion as you address these areas. The discussion about power differentials should help you identify opportunities to increase cultural diversity, equity, inclusion, and empowerment when solving the problem.

To Prepare

Review the Learning Resources on ethics, morals, and culture and reflect on this week’s Discussion. Identify at least one moral issue and one ethical issue that may arise when addressing the social problem and how you could prevent each. In addition, consider opportunities that exist to increase equity, cultural diversity, inclusion, and empowerment as you address the social problem.
Refine the Problem Statement. Refine your problem statement, based on what you learned from your peers, your Instructor, and/or the Learning Resources this week and in previous weeks.
Explain Your Role in Addressing the Problem. Explain your role, as an advanced human services professional practitioner, in addressing the problem.
Identify Ethical and Moral Dilemmas. Describe one ethical dilemma and one moral dilemma that could arise when solving the problem. Explain how you would prevent each using the Ethical Standards for Human Services Professionals. 
Increase Cultural Diversity, Equity, Inclusion, and Empowerment. Explain one opportunity that exists to increase each of the following areas when addressing the social problem: equity, cultural diversity, inclusion, and empowerment. Pay close attention to who holds the power and how to attend to these issues through ethics and change management approaches. 

Professor’s Name: VB

Course: HUMN 6785
Date: September 11, 2021

Poverty in Oahu, Hawaii

Based on what I have learned from peers, instructors, and learning resources, Hawaii is considered to have the 4th largest gap between its supplemental poverty rate and its official poverty rate. According to the United States Census Bureau, 13.7% of the population or 192,000 individuals in Hawaii are considered to be living in poverty (Moore, 2019). Though the countries official poverty rate compares to that of the rest of the United States, research shows that the country is struggling more than the other countries.
Over the past years, it has been framed that there are more children who live in high-poverty neighborhoods, and more than a quarter of the children living with their families the parents do not have a secure job. Research shows that there were more than 40,000 children under the age of eight lives in poverty by the year 2008, and the number is considered to be increasing over the years. Other surveys show that the census information may have undercounted the Native Hawaiians, who are very low-income people compared to the non-native Hawaiians. As a result of foreigners in Hawaii, there have been economic changes across the Hawaiian Islands, and the change in the economy brought about problems that still affect the country. In the past, most of the Hawaiians had no idea of what poverty was, but now they have been affected by the economic change to the point that they even live in the streets with no fresh water and food.
The people-first language is focused on the equality, individuality, and dignity of the individuals experiencing disability. The strength-based language is more focused on eliminating the adverse attribute that makes a person devalue another person. It involves eliminating the stigma that prevents people from assisting in a social problem. For instance, in the case of poverty in Hawaii, the people-first language can explain that individuals who experience the highest poverty rates in Hawaii are the Native Hawaiians who are mostly homeless. More than 200,000 individuals living on the island of Hawaii are experiencing poverty as a result of the high cost of living. Using strength-based language, the social problem of poverty in Hawaii can be explained by the individuals living in poverty in Hawaii who have mostly been affected by the economic change introduced by foreigners who started to live in Hawaii. As the government introduced the new market economy, the people living in Hawaii were not aware of the market economy, and this had a big effect on the Hawaiian natives.

MCFL Systems Thinking Framework

System thinking is a framework that is applied for reasoning and treating real-world problems depending on the basic notion of the system, which is the purposeful integration of components. The main objective of system thinking is to comprehend the connection between components and their effect on system results and how a similarly interesting system would fit in the context of its environment (Grohs, Kirk, Soledad & Knight 2018). From Stroh’s text, he presents the MCFL system thinking framework, which is a catalyst of purposeful change in a system. Stroh suggests that some system thinkers can benefit from comprehending how to manage change and the change agents that can benefit from comprehending the main principles and tools in system thinking. Though systems can be perfectly designed to achieve something, they sometimes do not achieve what they want or expect from them. Using the MCFL system of thinking framework in Stroh’s text, the problem of poverty in Hawaii can be described using motivation, collaboration, focus, and learning in the framework.


The social problem of poverty in Hawaii affects more than 200,000 individuals who live on the island. Most of the individuals affected by poverty are the native Hawaiians who had adapted to provide for themselves through the natural resources, making them self-sufficient using the trading system rather than the selling of goods. The introduction of a new economy that used the market system of selling what was produced and not the subsistence economy of barter trade greatly impacted their living style and cost. The main cause of poverty in Hawaii is the introduction of a new market economy. Due to this, there is a need for change in the new economy to enable the Hawaiians to adapt to the new economy. Change is required since the current market economy in Hawaii does not assist the poor hardworking citizens to increase their economic base.


The issue of poverty in Hawaii mostly affects citizens who do not have stable jobs that would provide for their families. More than half of the Population in Hawaii are affected by poverty since they struggle financially even if they work three jobs on a daily basis as a result of the poor economic management in the country. Even with minimal expenses, it is difficult for people to save money for future use. The main stakeholder of the high rate of poverty is the Hawaiian government who have failed to take control of their economy, making the lower class find it very hard to manage their finances. The citizens of Hawaii are also stakeholders in the issue of poverty in Hawaii.


To solve poverty in Hawaii, both the government and the citizens should work together to find ways to solve the problem in their market economy. Citizens, particularly those from the middle and lower class, have to collaborate with the government officials to make the necessary changes that would enable the citizens to adapt to the market economy. The government has to find a strategy of fixing their economy so that it does not greatly affect those in the middle and lower class in Hawaii.


Since the public is the ones who are most affected by the issues of poverty in the country, they have to make sure that they are actively involved in stressing for change or improvement in the country’s economy. Even when the public struggle with more than two jobs, they still find it difficult to save money for future needs due to poor economic management. The public has to find a way of improving their economy through the assistance of their government. The only thing missing to reduce the high rate of poverty in the country is government support to balance the economy. Since this is a social problem, the best languages that should be used to frame it is the person-first and the strength-based language since they consider the people involved and eliminates stigma at the same time.
The main difference between using the linear approach and the system thinking approach to address poverty in Hawaii is that the linear approach does not focus on the complex system but rather focuses on one of the system’s features. On the other hand, the system thinking approach focuses on the complex system and connects the different features of the system (Shaked, Schechter, Ganon-Shilon & Goldratt, 2017). The linear approach is focused on breaking the issues into different pieces of the problem and then trying to fix the problem’s symptoms. On the other hand system, the thinking approach takes the problem as a whole and applies the process to find the underlying dynamics of the problem.


Grohs, J. R., Kirk, G. R., Soledad, M. M., & Knight, D. B. (2018). Assessing systems thinking: A tool to measure complex reasoning through ill-structured problems. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 28, 110-130.
Shaked, H., Schechter, C., Ganon-Shilon, S., & Goldratt, M. (2017). Systems thinking for school leaders. Dordrecht: Springer.
Moore, C. D. (2019). Hawaii: Priced Out of Paradise. California Journal of Politics and Policy, 11(1).

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