Art5 Goal of this assignment · Check your understanding of the elements of art and principles of composition · Practice using vocabulary that describe th

Art5 Goal of this assignment

· Check your understanding of the elements of art and principles of composition
· Practice using vocabulary that describe th

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Art5 Goal of this assignment

· Check your understanding of the elements of art and principles of composition
· Practice using vocabulary that describe the elements and principles of artworks
· Analyze the elements and principles in an artwork

Instructions

· Using an artwork that you learned about in the materials this week, analyze at least three formal elements of design and three principles of design. This is called a formal analysis. 

Assignment form

· Written
· minimum 250 words;

Requirements:

· This assignment will require no research of the use or history of the object. The only background information you need in order to complete this assignment successfully is to understand the formal elements and principles of design
· Discuss three elements of art
· Discuss three principles of design

This is artwork, use this artwork to do this assignment

Ife heads, 1300–1450, brass, made in Ife, 35 cm high (© Trustees of the British Museum)
In January 1938 workmen were clearing away topsoil for house foundations they struck metal and found a group of sculptures in the form of human heads cast in metal. The location was in Wunmonije Compound in the city of Ife, in what is now south-western Nigeria. This accidental find led to the eventual discovery of seventeen heads in brass and copper and the broken top half of a king figure.

Ife head: Brass head of a ruler, 1300–1450, brass, made in Ife, 35 cm high (© Trustees of the British Museum)
This magnificent brass head was one of those discovered in Wunmonije Compound. The identification and function of the head, and the others discovered at this site, remain uncertain. It clearly portrays a person of status and authority, possibly a king (ooni) of Ife.

Ife head: Brass head of a ruler, 1300–1450, brass, made in Ife, 35 cm high (© Trustees of the British Museum)
The elaborate beaded headdress with feathered fringe was originally painted in red and black. Traces of the pigment remain today.

Ife head: Brass head of a ruler, 1300–1450, brass, made in Ife, 35 cm high (© Trustees of the British Museum)
The finds from Wunmonije Compound were published in 1938–9 and created a sensation in the western world. It was initially assumed that these beautiful sculptures could not have been made in Africa by African artists. The life-like modeling was compared with the classical traditions of Ancient Greece and Rome. It was even suggested that these heads were evidence that Ife was the site of the legendary lost civilization of Atlantis as described by the Greek philosopher, Plato. The sculptures from Ife are now rightly seen as one of the highest achievements of African art and culture.

Lost-wax casting, for Ife head: Brass head of a ruler, 1300–1450, brass, made in Ife, 35 cm high (© Trustees of the British Museum)
Ife began to develop as a city-state in the late first millennium (around C.E. 800). It became a leading political, economic and spiritual center in the lower Niger region. Between 1100 C.E. and 1400 C.E. it flourished as a commercial centre with access to the lucrative trade networks along the Niger River. Today, Ife is regarded as the legendary homeland of the Yoruba-speaking peoples. Even today, its ruler is thought of as the descendant of the original creator gods.

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